SPECIAL EHIBITION / 特別展 July 1-31, 2024

The construction of a new world begins based on a thought called
“Body is One with the Environment.”


[Contents / 目次]



With our society is developing at an accelerated pace as a society of Information, Genome Editing, Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, also with the Space Age is gradually coming up, several new unknown themes will appear in front of us. Now, a Theme of Virtual Reality that changes the reality in information society, a Theme of Enhancement in medical world, a Theme of Body-Brain in space environment are appearing as the themes that cannot be avoided and passed by. We should recognize that the existing ways will be not useful to solve these themes, or if it will be useful we need the big revisions. I think, for these themes, we need “New Thought” with the combination by Theories about Body, Technology, Design, Humans, and Cosmology.



On the existed thoughts, such as Science Technology and Design that could lead Social Technology, they had a tendency to think that people can deal with the Body singly without the Environment. But, always the Body exists together with the Environment, so we can’t call it as Body that is separated from the Environment. Its contradictions are becoming clear as a problem that the astronaut’s body and brain will become worse in the universe. Also, with too much caution towards the Virtual World and Artificial Body we could know that same kind of contradictions exist in the process to verify the problems of Information Society and Elderly Society.


So, in this meaning our needed “New Thought” should be a thought that we think the Body together with the Environment as one unity, we can’t find the Body independently without the Environment. The relation between the Body and the Environment is dynamic and amicable more than our usual recognitions.



I could present this “New Thought” as the thoughts having the following four features as a research representative with the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, JAXA from 2004 to 2006 in Tokyo, Japan.


[a] Environment

“New Thought” teach us that the Body exists always supported by the Space and the Things and the Body can’t exist independently without the Environment.

[a] 環境


[b] Memory

“New Thought” teach us that we can get this thought organizing by the characteristic body’s movements and these movements will awake up “Tacit Knowledge”. Then, this thought teach us that human’s movements involve all memories in far-off days when the humans were the animals.

[b] 記憶


[c] Design

“New Thought” teach us that the humans can develop “Body Expansion” according to that we adapt to the things. And, how to decide the adaptation? Its way is a behavior named Design. Also, the humans can realize many designs depend on the numbers of our awareness.

[c] デザイン


[d] Technology

“New Thought” teach us that our today’s human’s dream and desire will decide our future and the way how to use the technologies should decide a direction of the human’s evolution.

[d] テクノロジー



From this perspective, we could say that anthropologist Tim Ingold continues to lead the way as one of the pioneers of “New Thought.” In “Being Alive” (2011), he writes:

“Is it possible to re-examine the possibilities of life as a flux thrown into the space with a constantly changing destination? Living is a movement of opening up, and this should be at the heart of anthropology’s concerns. The important thing is that as relations unfold, entities that bring them together are constantly coming into being. Humans fundamentally come into contact with their surroundings when their feet are in contact with the ground, so we must reinstate the world we perceive through our feet. To be alive is to be a tangle of threads and paths, like the movement of a spider. So to separate a spider from its web is same to separate a bird from the air and a fish from the water. The spider, the bird and the fish all die.

Ingold criticized the arrogant attitude of scientists who believe that “there is nothing that science cannot solve.” On the other hand, he also criticized the humanities, including anthropology, for being confined to their own worlds and unable to address real-world problems. Is it possible to integrate natural sciences and the humanities? This was an important issue that permeated his research. He continues to think beyond the traditional framework of anthropology, exploring topics such as humans and animals, the concept of evolution, and the meaning of the environment for humans, and is attracting worldwide attention.



 インゴルドは「科学には解決できない問題など何もない」という科学者たちの傲慢な態度を批判した。一方で、自分の世界に閉じこもり現実の問題に対処できない人類学を含めた人文科学も批判した。自然科学と人文学を一体化させる事は出来るのか? それは彼にとって、自身の研究を貫通する重要な問題意識になっていた。彼は、現在も、人間と動物、進化という概念、人間にとっての環境の意味など、従来の文化人類学の枠組みを大きく越える思索を続け、世界的に注目されている。


Jacques Attali, a philosopher who pushed Macron to become president of France said that “in order to live a meaningful life from now, we need to live multiple lives simultaneously and continuously.” I live with the same feeling. It is not a recommendation for division, but a guideline for living in the most luxurious world of the present age when the average life expectancy is 120 years old. Instead of choosing some of our possibilities and giving up on others, realize all of our possibilities. It’s unreasonable, so it deserves the name “Challenge.“



Temple Grandin [C-29] [R-15] is a first professor at the university in U.S.A as an autistic person. She made called “Constricted Machine” by woods when she was a high-school student, then she could get a release from a pain of body’s shaking of autism by this machine. On her book “Thinking in Pictures” [R-15] she appeals the dominant value about her favorite “Visual Thinking” than “Language-based Thinking”, and she suggests we can create a new design using by “Visual Thinking”. During the time somebody is speaking she can hear it as “Image”. She can see one object not only from the front but also from the side and the upper same time. Also, she can understand the state of minds of cows and dogs well. Temple could develop the ability of the brain towards another direction from a non-handicapped person, and she could express its condition that we can understand it easy. In this meaning, on this book, she is also one of first-runners who carry “New Thought” which are seeking in our world [R-16] [R-17].

 また、自閉症の世界では、高校生の時に「締めつけマシン」を自力で制作し、身体の震えの苦しみから解放されるようになったという自閉症の大学教授テンプル・グランディン[注29][参15]がいる。彼女は著書『Thinking in Pictures』の中で、自分が得意とする「視覚的思考」の「言語ベースの思考」に対する優位性を訴え、「視覚的思考」から新しいデザインを創造できると提案している。彼女は、人が喋っている時にその話しを「映像」として聞くことができるという。一つの対象を、正面からだけでなく、横からも上からも、同時に見ることができるという。また、牛や犬などの動物の気持ちもよくわかるという。テンプルもまた、脳機能を健常者とは違う方向に発達させ、その内容を私たちにも理解できるように表現できている点において、現代世界が必要とする「新しい知」を担う先行者の一人である[参16] [参17]。


 In the following chapters, I will consider in detail four areas of “New Thought” that will be necessary in the Space Environment, Aging Society, Biomodification, and Information Society.



On December 2015 Elon Musk [C-30], a delegate of venture business Space X for developing the universe said “I would like to reach the Mars. My dream is to die there.” His emotion towards the universe is very strong, it is supported by his strong will that can overcome any kind of obstacles. But, the humans should take several serious damages to the body and the brain in the universal environment. So, even if we can reach the Mars it will be not sure we can make our enough activities or not as the humans based on today’s technical level of space development.



From my view point as a Butoh-Space Dance Choreographer, the greatest result of the space development until today is finding a “Chance to organize a Gravity” by the creation of artificial gravity through several astronauts experiences that could realize the experiences of non-gravity environment in the space walk and at a spaceship, also they could experience 1/6 gravity on the Moon. Edwin Aldrin, one of first astronauts of NASA who could reach the ground of Moon on 1969 said “My body is light now, when I start a running I can’t stop! Also I can calm down with my slanting posture!” His reactions about Moon Walking are very interesting for me.


If the humans start to come and go to the conditions between 0 gravity and 1 gravity in the universe this happening will be a complete first experience in our human’s history. So, like a case of the fish that could get the evolution by the advance to the ground, this happening will be a special drama on a stage of the evolution such a “Challenge to the Step for Next Human”. If we have a possibility of the “Next” as the humans it will be started by such an adventure of the new creation of the postures [C-31].



Through “New Thought” we can understand easy about a delicate problem called “Deterioration of the Body” that the astronauts experience in the universal environment. Because the body has been growing up under 1 gravity condition on the Earth, always the body makes one unity with the environment on the Earth.


  If we use the relation between “Root of a Tree” and “Soil” as a metaphor, the body thrown out in the universal environment without this relation will be same to “Root of a Tree” thrown out in the air without “Soil.” So, soon the body will wither. If we need to do it at any cost we should bring the body together with “Soil”.


Moreover, if we state to realize a “Creation of Universal Culture overcome the contradictions of Earth Culture”, sure, we need to prepare the rich soil more than the soil on the Earth. If it is same soil we only reproduce same Earth Culture with same contradictions.



I know one American movie “Gravity” [R-18] on 2013. This movie is a story about one astronaut who had thrown out in a space by the accident of a space ship, but she could return to the earth by a miracle. At the last of this movie is wonderful, she made a print of her hand on the sand at a seaside where she could be washed ashore, and a with a big joy she stood up with unsteady faltering steps like an amphibian that could land on the ground as a first runner at the ancient times, then she made big thanks to the ground and she walk slowly on the ground firmly step by step.


This scene has a vivid impression and this movie is an emotional “Story of Return” to the Earth. She could return back to her beloved home. She never repeats a “Same Fault”. She recognized “Ground” is essential for our humans. If we can’t organize a “Development” that grows up the amicable relationship with “Ground”, any kind of developments will be invalidity and it will bring the death to us. This movie could hint its fact to us excellently [C-32].


 Now Medical Service will open a new door of our human’s history using by iPS cell, Genome Editing and so on. The body is being in the spotlight as the object of “Regeneration” and “Industrialization”.



On 2012 at London Olympic Games Oscar Pistorius, a runner with the artificial leg, shocked the whole world because he could get a good record closed in the records of the non-handicapped runners. Now we have a forecast that some runner with the artificial leg will overtake a world record of Usain Bolt at Tokyo Olympic Games on 2020. So, we know someone started to talk that we should forbid the use of the artificial leg in Olympic Games, it is OK only in Paralympic Games. We can understand this attitude will be natural, but we should see more exactly because we find a deep-rooted distinction towards handicapped people from non-handicapped people there. Why non-handicapped people want to continue to control handicapped people indefinitely? If the record by a handicapped runner is a problem I would like to suggest that it is OK non-handicapped people will use the artificial leg too? Or, they should develop more useful new artificial leg? The new topic about “Distinction between Handicapped and Non- handicapped” also about “Difference between Artificial and Natural” has started [C-33].

 2012年のロンドンオリンピックに出場した義足ランナーのオスカー・ピストリウスが健常の選手に迫る記録を出し、世界中を驚かせた。2021年に延期して開催された東京オリンピックでは、義足ランナーがウサイン・ボルトの世界記録を抜くのではないかという予想も現れた。そのような事態を心配し、パラリンピック以外には「義足」の使用は禁止すべきだという意見も出はじめた。これは自然な対応のように見えても、そこには健常者による障害者の世界に対する根深い差別が残されている。なぜいつまでも健常者が障害者の行為を管理しようとするのか? 義足ランナーの記録が心配なら、健常者も義足を使用すればいいだけの事ではないか? 義足よりさらに効果のある人工の足を開発してもいいのではないか? こうして、「健常と障害の区別」や「人工と自然の差」についての新しい議論がはじまっている[注33]。

Modern Design could reach the concepts of Barrier-free Design and Universal Design, but now they are seeking to deal with these difficult problems too. In that time, without distinction of non-handicapped people, handicapped people, and elderly people, maybe Modern Design will be not able to work well if they don’t adopt the ideas about the individuality and the party. Also, we will see same condition in the case of the body care for elderly people. Because in our society in tomorrow elderly people will be not always “Weak Person”, the number of “Strong Person” as a new type will increase. As we know “Strong Person” don’t need too much care.



Moreover, on 2015 Anthony James, a molecule biologist, announced a sensational big news that he could get a success to create a new mosquito that don’t need the intermediation with a malaria parasite by Genome Edition. So, on December 2015 many scientists from the world come to Washington, capital of U.S.A. to discuss about the ethical standards of Genome Edition [C-34].


  At last, Humans has gotten a “Technology to handle All Species of the Creatures”.


It is said that Genome Edition is a big technology once in hundred years in our human’s history. Many scientists are wondering about this technology that Genome is a valuable legacy through the long history of the evolution, so if we handle it, maybe some irrecoverable thing will happen and we can’t return it to the original condition [C-35] [R-19].

 ゲノム編集は100年に一度の大技術といわれ、「生物のゲノムは長い進化の歴史を経て形成された貴重な遺産であり、それを操作すれば元に戻すことは困難であり、取り返しがつかないことが起きる」と心配されているのだ[注35] [参19]。


However, when we face to this big theme such as Enhancement by Genome Edition, even if we find some ethical problem, but if the concerned party receive the Enhancement well, it will be going difficult to stop it from the outside. Because the way how to treat the individual body will be free for everybody, they don’t need any kind of permissions to do it including a makeup, a cosmetic surgery, and a drug, also a tattoo, a body pierce, a doing injury to the body, at last a suicide. So, nobody can oppose to it basically. By taking the Enhancement if we can get back our health, or if we can get the body ability more beyond the natural condition, and if we don’t have any side effects after the operation, also if we will be able to control a long life freely, it will be just a realization of our human’s long dream. In that time, we can’t find any kind of reasons for opposition, everybody will jump at the Enhancement.



The news of “Clone Dog Sales” by Korean biological company in 2014 surprised the world. I saw this news on a television of NHK as a special edition, but I understood every pet owners keep their earnest emotions to get back their lost dogs even if dogs are clones. The clones live in another environment, so they should become another dog, but for the pet owners they are almost same dogs. So they can image to redoing their life with their pets. And, depend on the advance of the cloning technology they can keep a dream to realize “Favorite Dogs they like” improved the faults of last their lovely dogs. If they can regulate their feelings to worry too much about the originality it will be wonderful. Also maybe we will see the owners who get the plural clone dogs.


More over, if the subject is not “Dog” but “Humans”, how to do? It is already anticipated that cloned humans will appear in the near future. If we can cover our lost lovers with its clones, can we control the urge to wish to see them even in clones? English writer Kazuo Ishiguro who received the Nobel Prize for literature in 2017, wrote a sad story of clone boys and girls who were born to offer their internal organs to the humans in his novel “Never Let Me Go” [R-20]. They didn’t have any skills to do against the organization that caused them to be born, because they were children, but in the case of adult cloned humans?

 さらに、対象が「犬」ではなく、「人間」の場合はどうなるか? 近い将来にクローン人間が登場することは既に予想されている。亡き恋人をクローン人間で補えるとしたら? 私たちはクローンでも会いたいと願う衝動を抑えられるだろうか? 2017年度のノーベル文学賞を受賞したカズオ・イシグロの『わたしを離さないで』[参20]では、人間への臓器提供を目的として誕生させられたクローンの少年少女たちの悲しい物語が描かれている。彼らは子供たちで自分たちを誕生させた組織に対して為す術もなかったが、大人のクローン人間の場合には? 自分を誕生させた人間たちに対してどのように振る舞うことになるだろうか? 現在のままの体制でも人間の思い通りに進行するという考えは、大きな挫折を味わう事になるだろう。


Now, several IT companies like Meta and Google are competing ruthlessly for getting the domination of the platform through the Internet used by the smartphone. They will liken the users around the world to the “Virtual Nations” and they will get their big dates to make use of it for the business. On the other side It is pointed out a fear that a complete “Monitoring Society” will come in the near future when the authority will use this big data.


Including such a problem how to use the big dates, now we have other big problem called “Progress of Virtual Reality” as a pending matter in our information-oriented society. In truth, as a first time, humans could spread the information as the virtual realities with a wide scale. Whether they use a PC or a smartphone the people who spend most of a day on the online, they are developing the Internet world as one of other real worlds day by day. At the opening of a Walkman, the regular users who use the iPod and other equipment are transforming the real experiences intercepting the real sounds by the artificial sounds. From now, in addition to the image, Virtual Reality and Extended Reality will permeate into our society with the spread of a display for a retina, a glass screen, and a head set, then our daily life will change based in the auditory environment and the visual environment more and more.



But, also this impulse of Virtualization is a same kind of expression of our human’s mentality to hope to realize a dream, so nobody can stop it. As a general speaking, people are thinking about the Virtualization with a negative feeling because it will be a cause to threaten the feeling of the reality from the kids and adult that they need it for their existence except the practical used in health care. Surely, when people depend on the Virtualization too much they should lose the independence and decrease the physical sensation. And people will be swept up in the one-sided flood of information by the information technology, or the virtual world will be used as a place of escape from reality. So we can’t ignore its evil influences. But through this kind of several bad reasons, we can’t stop a powerful tendency of the virtualization [C-36].


For example, what will happen if our lover figures projected around us evolves as an AR? If not only visual effects but also all necessary sensations are artificially entered into the brain and increase reality as if it actually existed? Will it lead to unnecessary theory of a real lover or the problem of further promoting declining birthrate with the sexless? However, as a desire for cloned pets and cloned humans, would it benefit greatly to those who wish to see the deceased relatives or lover’s restorations?

 たとえば、自分の周囲に投影される恋人像がARとして進化するとどうなるだろうか。視覚効果だけではなく、必要なすべての感覚が脳に人工的に入力され、現実に存在しているかのようにリアリティを増加させるとすれば? リアルな恋人の不要論に結びついたり、セックスレスで少子化をさらに促進させるという問題も生じるだろうか? しかし、クローン人間に対する欲求と同じで、亡き親族や恋人の再生を願う者には大きな恩恵になるのでは?


Recently, the event that professional Go players and Shogi players lose to artificial intelligence Go and artificial intelligence Shogi is going on. As a result, the vigilance against artificial intelligence will rise at once, it is feared that AI will surpass the human’s intelligence and the day when human’s work will be totally deprived. Indeed, various programming of “AI models” such as “Taxi Driver with superior intuition than humans”, “Financial Market Trader who produce ideas better than humans”, and “Politician who create policies superior to humans” has begun.


On the other hand, as a side expecting artificial intelligence, Masayoshi Son [C-37], a president of SOFTBANK in Japan said that “super capacity, super intelligence by AI will exceed human’s intellectual activity, then every industry is redefined, no traffic accident happens, its world will be realized soon” and expects the arrival of “Singularity” as a turning point where artificial intelligence exceeds human’s intelligence.



However, in Japan, as Yoshiharu Hanyu, one of excellent Shogi Players said “No matter how AI evolves, it is only for human beings to make value judgments and questions, human beings are never overtaken by AI”, yes I think so too “Singularity” will never come. It is impossible for AI to develop super-intelligence and mind only by infinite accumulation and combination of data.


Therefore, rather than wary of AI excessively, also we don’t expect AI too much, but from the point of view that AI’s progress will be useful for elucidating the mechanism of the brain, we can use as much as we need. The most interesting point is that even if we get the results that AI exceeds human’s intelligence, it is black boxed, our humans don’t understand, also AI don’t understand. The elucidation of this “Black Box” will open the possibility that our humans can learn from AI and add elements that are insufficient to us as new human’s abilities. It will also be useful for elucidating the mystery of human’s own maximum “Black Box = Consciousness”.


  Human’s dreams and desires determine “Next Evolution”, so the development of imagination will be important definitely.



Any problems on the ground are complicated and difficult to understand. As everyone knows, the future of mankind is not rosy. Earth problems such as conflicts between countries, which never stops, religious conflict, ethnic conflict, terrorism, disease, poverty, winning of winners, destruction of the environment, etc. are complicatedly intertwined and we can not find the way how to solve these problems.


We are still living a world in which there is a danger that the earth will be covered with the ashes of death with just one nuclear button. Even if we leave the real world and find “Another Earth” on the net, even if we acquire “New Freedom” as a net person, there is no change in being bound as a member of a real nation. No real free trafficking is allowed, and everyone is strictly managed with “Power of State = Passport”. Freedom to acquire in the net and freedom in the state are completely different things [C-38].



Space development assuming a case where the earth becomes useless may be just as much as we bring our mistakes on the earth into the universe. Many of the near future films continue to draw landscapes of the devastated earth that mankind has been destroyed. Alan Wiseman’s “Day when Human Race Disappeared” [R-21] published in 2007 as a bestseller is a convincing power that draws out the figure of the earth after the disappearance of mankind. Many human efforts may be wasted and may be destined to disappear to the darkness of the universe.


However, such a global problem will be also easy to understand from the space view as seen from the moon as the blue earth floating in the universe. It turns out that complicated fractured problems are also due to a combination of several simple fractures. Since space development is also reflection of ground knowledge, by examining the technology carried out by humans in space development, we can understand the present state of human knowledge on earth. This is the characteristic of our new era, “If we look from the universe we can see the earth well”.



Once time, Claude Levi-Strauss, an anthropologist, from a view point of “Population Theme as an Environmental Theme”, touched on the point that the population of the world which was 1.5 billion people when he was born was 6 billion at that time and he said that since the humans appearance on the earth, no more disasters have never fallen on other living beings and human beings, then he alarmed the unlimited increase of the population. Also, Freeman Dyson, an astrophysicist, about a genetic technology, from a view point which we need to keep the “Harmony of the Humans” said that increasing genetically engineered children is to accelerate the evolution of humans rapidly, which can lead to worst results, then he expressed a negative thinking about a genetic technology. But, in our today’s world with rapidly developing technology it is not so clear how many populations are appropriate for the earth. Because we have several new possibilities about the foods and the place of residence, it will be possible that new artificial foods will be developed along with space food, and the new places of residence may be reclaimed. Also, genetic technology does not necessarily disturb “Harmony of the Humans”. Contrary to Freeman Dyson’s concern the genetically engineered children may show the needed new answers for “Harmony of the Humans” [R-22].




The world progresses are quickly, the boundary of morals and ethics becomes ambiguous, the intellect of the world is made relative, the effect is lost, people are kept in front of the problems of the new world one after another. Even if we don’t have a human-centered ego hidden somewhere, not forcing religious values of some parts of the planet to the world, we can be surprised to modify our own system each time a new technology comes up without choosing or developing the necessary technologies by ourselves, evolving our bodies and the environment as much as necessary, so that all necessary responsibilities are borne by ourselves, more confident in the world, is there no way to shift?



In the 20th century, there was a tragedy that many physicists such as Einstein [R-23] and Heisenberg were involved in the development of atomic bombs and the outcome was badly used for politics. After that, scientists organized and resisted the peace conferences to prevent nuclear abolition and nuclear proliferation, but it was not effective. Still now, about 15,000 nuclear powers are diffusing all over the world.



Technologies such as genome editing, brain remodeling, artificial intelligence, robotics engineering will be put on similar phases. In the world, the rumors say that “Cloned Humans” and “Brain Remodeled Humans” are already born, and robot soldiers are about to appear next to the unmanned airplane for attack. In that sense, humanity certainly reaches a critical phase. A completely new kind of human beings will be born or the possibility of a robot performing a war on behalf of human beings will be approaching reality.



However, we can do whatever development freely as much as we need. We can do gene manipulation, brain remodeling, cyborg formation as much as we like. However, always prepare to be exploited badly, divide the good and evil, don’t enclose ourselves belonging to the good world, always think about the conditions for not being used badly, and proceed in case of bad use under the condition that it participates in the side that takes responsibility [C-39].


That is, in other words, it is important to create a new world that is not troublesome as a whole even if it is exploited badly. In short, we should create “B” such that “B” is better than “A”, and when a person who made “A” knows “B”, he will regret “A”. Or, even if “A” appears, we should create “B” that is not infringed by “A”. If that is the case, we can strive. We don’t need to come down to the pessimism. Regardless of any evil, any stagnation, it is okay for us.



In our new world, the technology can’t determine the future of human beings. On the contrary, humans decide the future of technology. The history of human beings is becoming a characteristic period as “Human’s Dreams decide Next Evolution” more than ever. Some will make mistakes, ridiculous results. Some will succeed. In order to minimize the harm caused by the wrong people, it is necessary for many success stories to appear in the world.



Thus, the core of our theme is to prepare countermeasures and maps in advance as to what to do when a situation we don’t want to anticipate happens. Even if we exploit technology badly, it will be destroyed in 100 years. Whatever modification of the living body by genome editing succeeds, it is waste if it can’t build affinity with the living body. That it is destined to destroy even if it enters space without preparing anything. The more accurately the new intelligence “Map” is formed, the less we err in the way we do. The more optimistic the prospects are, the more ambiguous this “Map” is.


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